Living in this day and age, technology has advanced so far that communication with my lecturers is just a click away. Can you imagine that about 50 years ago, people didn’t even know what a computer was?
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– Which one are you? –
According to Marc Prensky (2001), there is a distinction between two types of people in today’s digital age, they are called “digital natives” or “digital immigrants”. He argued that “digital natives” are those who grew up in a digital world and are experts when it comes to technology while the “digital immigrants” often consisted of the older generation who lack the skills and knowledge in technology.
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– Critique –
The concept by Marc Prensky soon received much criticism as it goes to suggest that age is the pre-dominant factor which has an impact on the technological skills a person possess and thus, overlooking socio-economic and cultural factors. (Bennet, et al. 2008) Margaryan and Littlejohn (2008) also commented that there are also youths who are not technologically inclined despite them born in the digital age.
With this, it introduced a new concept which takes a look at visitors and residents as a simpler way to describe the many ways on how individuals engage with the internet.
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– Visitors & Residents –
According to White (2008), a digital visitor is someone who has a goal in mind and is focused on what they wish to accomplish once they go online. They find what they need, do what they need to do and they are done. They use the web as a tool for information gathering and do not leave any form of trace behind.
A digital resident on the other hand, can be related to as someone who “lives” a part of their life in the “spaces” that are available all around the web. These “spaces” can include posting a picture of themselves on facebook or commenting on a blog post. So even when they logout from the web, they have left some form of trace behind.
In the following video, White (2013) will talk more about Digital Mapping to understand more in-depth on what digital visitors and residents are all about. Enjoy! 🙂
After looking at the video about Digital Mapping, i find it relatable to some of the tools which i use online and have come up with my own mapping.
The continuum of “personal” and “institutional” links to how we have different uses for let’s say social media. For example, i’m currently using wordpress for the module, MANG2049. I personally find myself to be more of a “digital resident” and considering that i play online games, i do leave some “traces” behind on the web.
Prensky, M. (2001). Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants. From On the Horizon (MCB University Press, Vol. 9 No. 5, October 2001)
White, D. (2008). Not ‘Natives’ & ‘Immigrants’ but ‘Visitors’ & ‘Residents’. Tall blog, University of Oxford.
White, D. S., & Cornu, A. L. (2011). Visitors and Residents: A new typology for online engagement. First Monday, 16(9).
White, D. (2013) Just the Mapping. Youtube